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Dr Jennifer Chung

Senior Lecturer - Education and Social Science

About Research Media


Jennifer Chung received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Amherst College, in Amherst, Massachusetts, in both sociology and fine arts. She then undertook the Teacher Training Course at the Shady Hill School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, earning her teaching qualification in Grades 1-6. She taught for four years in New York City, while simultaneously undertaking a Master of Arts degree in Curriculum and Teaching from Teachers College, Columbia University.

Jennifer studied at Stockholm University’s Institute for International Education for one year, before commencing a Master of Science degree in Comparative and International Education at Oxford University. She continued at Oxford and completed a Doctor of Philosophy degree, focusing on the education system of Finland and Finland’s success in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).

Jennifer taught at Liverpool Hope University for two years, as a Lecturer in Education Studies. She taught on a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses.  During this time, she also obtained a Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice.

Jennifer joined the School of Management and Social Sciences in 2011, as a Lecturer in Education and Social Sciences.

Academic responsibilities

  • Research and Scholarship committee mem


  • Communication and Academic Literacy
  • Issues in Primary and Early Years Teaching
  • Research Methods
  • Culture, Pedagogy, Policy, and Early Years
  • Investigative Extension Study
  • Citizenship and Globalisation in Education
  • Dissertation


Jennifer Chung’s research mainly falls within the comparative education field. Her main research interests are in the Nordic countries, Finland in PISA, education policy borrowing and transfer, language and education, and teacher education, specifically the transfer of teacher education policy between Finland and England.

Jennifer's current research interests involve the Nordic countries, and Finland in particular. This stems from her doctoral dissertation, focusing on the reasons for Finland's top outcomes in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). Her current research, funded recently by a grant from the British Academy, focuses on teacher education in Finland and the transfer of Finnish teacher education policy to the English context. Earlier, she studied higher education, and specifically the liberal arts college in the USA. Jennifer has also researched teacher eduation in the form of in-school teacher training in the USA.


  • Chung, J. (2009). ‘An Investigation of Reasons for Finland’s Success in PISA’. Doctoral Degree dissertation, Oxford University
  • Chung, J. (2004). ‘Liberal Arts Education in the United States: Survivor of Classical Teaching and Learning’. Master’s Degree dissertation, Oxford University 
  • Chung, J. (2002). ‘Within School Walls: A Detailed Look Into One Alternate Form of Teacher Education’. Master’s Degree dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University

As an active researcher, Jennifer gives regular conference papers and presentations. She regularly publishes and consults with school systems and the media, focusing mainly on Finland and PISA, and the comparison of Finnish and English teacher education. She recently received the British Academy Small Grant to investigate teacher education in Finland, school-university partnerships, and the university-affiliated “lab schools”. Jennifer also has a forthcoming book, PISA and Global Education Policy: Understanding Finland's Success and Influence, Sense Publishers.

Find out more about Jennifer's research specialisms...

PhD supervision

Dr Chung welcomes expressions of interest from potential doctoral students in the following areas:

  • Within the broader field of Comparative and International Education
  • Higher education
  • Teacher education
  • The impact of international achievement studies such as PISA
  • Education in the early and primary years
  • Education in the Nordic countries
  • Education policy
  • Language and education

Peer reviewer

  • Oxford University Press
  • Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education
  • Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research
  • Nordic Journal of Comparative and International Education
  • Human Rights and Education (book through Sense publications) 
  • Comparative Education Review
  • Reflect Ed Journal 
  • St Mary’s University (Examiner in doctoral dissertation defense)


  • Riksrevisionen [The Swedish National Audit Office] (2012)
  • Times Educational Supplement (2012)
  • Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - Newspaper in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA (2011)
  • Sveriges Radio: Sisuradio - Finnish-language radio station on Swedish Public Radio, Stockholm, Sweden (2011) 
  • Uppsala Nya Tidning - Newspaper in Uppsala, Sweden (2010)
  • Education Leadership Symposium - International Competitiveness: Lessons from Abroad (2008) 

Convening/organising activity

  • British Association for International and Comparative Education (2012) 
  • British Educational Research Association: London, United Kingdom (2007), Manchester, United Kingdom, (2012)
  • St Mary’s University (2011)
  • Liverpool Hope University: Liverpool, United Kingdom (2009, 2010)
  • Comparative Education Society in Europe: Athens, Greece (2008), Santa Cruz, La Palma, Spain (2009), Uppsala, Sweden (2010)
  • Comparative and International Education Society: Honolulu, Hawaii (2006), Baltimore, Maryland (2007), New York, New York (2008)
  • Department of Education, Oxford University: Poster Conference (2005, 2006, 2007, 2008), Work in Progress Lecture (2008) 
  • St Edmund Hall, Oxford University: Senior Common Room Lectures (2005)

Professional memberships

  • Higher Education Academy

Honours and awards

  • Small Research Grant, British Academy (2012-2013)
  • PhD into Publications Grant, Liverpool Hope University (2010)
  • Gosling Bursary, St Edmund Hall, Oxford University (2006, 2007)
  • New Scholar Award, Comparative and International Education Society (2007)
  • Evan Carroll Commanger Fellowship, Amherst College, (2005, 2006, 2007)
  • Kappa Delta Pi Honour Society, Teachers College, Columbia University (2002)
  • Minority Aid Scholarship, Teachers College, Columbia University (2000, 2001)
  • Interschool Teaching Fellow, New York, New York (1998-1999) 


  • Chung, J. & Crossley, M. (2012) [forthcoming]. ‘Academic Achievement in Finland’. In Elliott, J. (Ed.) International Handbook of Student Achievement, Routledge.
  • Chung, J., Atkin, C., & Moore, J. (2012). ‘The Rise and Fall of the MTL: An Example of European Policy Borrowing.  In European Journal of Teacher Education.
  • Chung, J. (2012). ‘Education for the Swedish-Speaking Minority in Finland’. In Atkin, C. (Ed.) Education and Minorities, Continuum.
  • Riis, U. & Chung, J. (2011). ‘Finska Lärare Har Högre Status [Finnish Teachers Have Higher Status]’ In Pedagogiska Magasinet, No. 1.
  • Chung, J.H. (2010).’Finland, PISA, and the Implications of International Achievement Studies on Education Policy’. In Wiseman, A. (Ed.) The Impact of International Achievement Studies on National Education Policy, Emerald.
  • Chung, J. (2010). ‘An Investigation of Reasons for Finland’s Success in PISA’. In Compare, Vol. 40, No. 4, July 2010.
  • Chung, J. (2009). ‘An Investigation of Reasons for Finland’s Success in PISA’ . In Pereya, M.A.; Gonzalez, G.; Luzon, A.; and Torres, M. (Eds.) PISA Under Examination: Changing Knowledge, Changing Tests, and Changing Schools. Comparative Education Society in Europe Symposium. 
  • Chung, J. (2009). Liberal Arts Education in the United States of America: Survivor of Classical Teaching and Learning. VDM Verlag.

Conference papers 

  • Chung, J. (2012). ‘The Finnish normaalikoulu: An example of school-based, university-affiliated teacher education for Britain?’ Conference paper, British Educational Research Association, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • Chung, J. (2012). ‘Finnish Teacher Education: Transnational Contexts of Education Policy Formation and the Migration of Education Policy’. Conference paper, British Association for International and Comparative Education, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Chung, J. (2010). ‘Finland, PISA, and Scandinavia: A discussion of reasons for Finland’s higher outcome in PISA from the Finnish perspective’. Conference paper, Comparative Education Society in Europe, Uppsala, Sweden
  • Chung, J. (2010). ‘PISA, Finland, and the Implications of Policy Borrowing and Uncritical Transfer’. Conference paper, Comparative Education Society in Europe, Uppsala, Sweden

In the news

St Mary’s Publishes Latest Education Journal

The School of Education, Theology and Leadership at St Mary’s University, Twickenham has published the latest edition of its Education Journal, ReflectED. Find out more...

Education Lecturer Writes for Leading Teacher Resource

A lecturer at St Mary’s University, Twickenham recently wrote an opinion piece for the leading teaching resource, Times Education Supplement (TES). Find out more...

British Academy Grant Funds Research into Teacher Education

A grant from the British Academy has funded research into the Finnish teacher education system by Dr Jennifer Chung at St Mary's University College Find out more...

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