Claire Norton

Contact Details

Email: claire.norton@stmarys.ac.uk
Telephone: 020 8240 4188

Dr Claire Norton mainly works on early modern Ottoman history, particularly focusing on instances of cultural transfer and interaction among communities living in border areas and other liminal spaces. She is interested in the processes and complexities of identity formation, conceptions of the religious other, motivations for religious conversion, and the political and social uses of narrations of the past. She has written a number of articles on subjects related to Ottoman history and is currently finishing a book on Ottoman textual practices and literacy strategies that centres on Ottoman and modern Turkish narrations of the sieges of Nagykanizsa castle and explores the role these have played in the construction of identities, and the imagination of political space.

In 2013 Dr Norton organized a two-day symposium entitled The Lure of the 'Other': Religious Conversion and Reversion in the Early Modern Mediterranean and Beyond and is currently editing the papers from this event for publication. In April 2006, she organised an international conference on "The Renaissance and the Ottoman World" in conjunction with the Warburg Institute, the School of Oriental and African Studies, and St Mary's University. She has recently finished editing a collection of papers from this conference: Anna Contadini and Claire Norton (eds), The Renaissance and the Ottoman World. (London: Ashgate, 2013). In 2004 she organized a conference on nationalism and historiography at the University of Birmingham and then edited a volume of papers Nationalism, Historiography and the (Re)Construction of the Past (Washington: New Academia Press, 2007)

Dr Norton has also organised a pedagogical workshop for teachers on the interactions between Islamic cultures and Europe over the past 1500 years: Promoting Inclusion and Critical Engagement through Education

Dr Norton is also co-director of the Centre for the Philosophy of History. She is interested in the philosophical and theoretical issues surrounding the production and consumption of historical discourse, particularly in an epistemological and ethical context. She has written a number of articles on the (non)-fictional status of history and a book, co-authored with Mark Donnelly, Doing History (London: Routledge, 2011) that explores the nature of historical knowledge and the functions of historical writing. She is currently working on another book with Dr Donnelly to be published by Routledge in 2017 entitled Liberating Histories: Truths, Power, Ethics.

Dr Norton is happy to supervise PhD theses on the theoretical and philosophical issues surrounding the production and consumption of history; Ottoman history, and Muslim-Christian interactions in the early modern period.

Dr Norton is co-editor responsible for the Ottoman Empire in an AHRC-funded bibliographical history project Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History 1500-1900 (CMR1900) and is a member of the Society for Renaissance Studies council and also the British Institute at Ankara management council.

Books

2013

The Renaissance and the Ottoman WorldThe Renaissance and the Ottoman World

Publisher: Ashgate; New edition edition (28th October 2013)
ISBN: 978-1472409911
Authors: Anna Contadini and Claire Norton

Edited together with Prof Anna Contadini, (School of Oriental and African Studies) University of London, the book explores the intellectual, cultural and diplomatic interactions between the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe during the Renaissance era.

2011

Doing HistoryDoing History

Publisher: Routledge (16th June 2011)
ISBN: 978-0415565776
Authors: Mark Donnelly and Claire Norton

The book presents ideas and debates that shape how we do history today; covering arguments about the nature of historical knowledge and the function of historical writing, whether we can really ever know what happened in the past, and whether historians' versions of history have more value than popular histories.

2007

Nationalism History and the (Re)Construction of the PastNationalism History and the (Re)Construction of the Past

Publisher: New Academia Publishing, LLC (31st January 2007)
ISBN: 978-0978771317
Edited By: Claire Norton

The book presents ideas and debates that shape how we do history today; covering arguments about the nature of historical knowledge and the function of historical writing, whether we can really ever know what happened in the past, and whether historians' versions of history have more value than popular histories.

Research Profile

Publications

Books

  • Liberating History: Truths, Power, Ethics, co-authored with Mark Donnelly
    (London: Routledge, forthcoming 2017) under contract
  • The Lure of the Other: Conversion and Islam in the Early Modern Mediterranean, (ed.) (London: Ashgate, forthcoming 2016) under contract
  • The Renaissance and the Ottoman World, (ed. with A. Contadini) (London: Ashgate, 2013).
  • Doing History co-authored with Mark Donnelly (London: Routledge, 2011).
  • (ed.) Nationalism, Historiography and the (Re)Construction of the Past (ed.) (Washington: New Academia Press, 2007).

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles and Chapters in Edited Books

  • "In the Service of Technocratic Managerialism? History in UK Universities," with Mark Donnelly to be included in a special issue of Educational Philosophy and Theory edited by Tyson Retz (forthcoming 2016) In press
  • "(In)tolerant Ottomans: polemic, perspective and the reading of primary sources," Festschrift for Prof. David Thomas,ed. Douglas Pratt (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 2015) In press
  • "Liminal space in the Early Modern Ottoman-Habsburg borderlands: historiography, ontology, and politics," in Paul Stock (ed.), The Uses of Space in Early Modern History 1500-1850 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) 75-96.
  • "Sacred Sites, Severed heads and Prophetic Visions," in Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia, 2/1 (2014) 81-96.
  • "Being Tiryaki Hasan Pasha: the politico-textual appropriations of an Ottoman hero," in Marios Hadjianastasis (ed.), Frontiers of the Ottoman Imagination: Essays in Honour of Rhoads Murphey, (Leiden: Brill, 2014) 86-110.
  • "The siege, the book and the film: Welcome to Sarajevo (1997)" co-authored with Mark Donnelly, in A. L. MacFie (ed.) The Fiction of History (London: Routledge, 2014) 85-105.
  • "The Lords of Lewdness: imagining the 'other' in Ottoman fethnames [victory missives]" in Robert Born and Andreas Puth, (eds), Osmanischer Orient und Ostmitteleuropa (Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag, 2014) 281-299.
  • "Blurring the Boundaries: intellectual and cultural interactions between the eastern and western; Christian and Muslim worlds," in Anna Contadini and Claire Norton (eds), The Renaissance and the Ottoman World. (London: Ashgate, 2013) 3-21.
  • "Lust, Greed, Torture and Identity: Narrations of Conversion and the Creation of the Early Modern 'Renegade'" Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 29/2 (2009), 259-268.
  • "Erasing Oral Residue and Correcting Scribal Error: Re-interpreting the Presence of Mnemo-technical Practices in Ottoman Manuscripts in the Early Modern Period," in Rafal Wojcik (ed.), Culture of Memory in East Central and in the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period (Poznan: Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 2008), 27-42.
  • "Nationalism and the Re-Invention of Early-Modern Identities in the Ottoman-Habsburg Borderlands," Ethnologia Balkanica 11 (2008), 79-101.
  • "Conversion to Islam in the Ottoman Empire," Wiener zeitschrift zur geschichte der neuzeit 7/2 (2007), 25-39.
  • "Smack-Head Hasan: Why are all Turkic Superheroes Intemperate, Treacherous, or Stupid?" in Angela Ndalianis, Chris Mackie and Wendy Haslem, (eds), Super/heroes: From Hercules to Superman (Washington: New Academia Press, 2007), 263-274.
  • "Narrating the 'Yoke of Oppression': Twentieth-Century Hungarian Scholarship of the Ottoman-Hungarian Borderlands", in Claire Norton (ed.), Nationalism, Historiography and the (Re)Construction of the Past (Washington: New Academia Press, 2007), 185-198.
  • "Fiction or Non-fiction? Ottoman Accounts of the Siege of Nagykanizsa", in Kuisma Korhonen (ed.), Tropes for the Past: Hayden White and the History/Literature Debate (Amsterdam and New York: Rodophi, 2006), 119-130.
  • "'The Lutheran is the Turks' Luck': Imagining Religious Identity, Alliance and Conflict on the Habsburg-Ottoman Marches in an Account of the Sieges of Nagykanizsa 1600 and 1601", in Marlene Kurz, Martin Scheutz, Karl Vocelka and Thomas Winkelbauer (eds), Das Osmanische Reich und die Habsburgermonarchie in der Neuzeit. Akten des internationalen Kongresses zum 150-jährigen Bestehen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, Wien, 22.-25. September 2004 MIÖG Erg. Bd. 49, (Wien: Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, 2005), 67-81. 2
  • "The Remembrance of the Siege of Kanije in the Construction of Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish Nationalist Identities," Parergon 21/1 (2004) 133-153.
  • "Marines versus Fedayeen: Interpretive Naming and Constructing the 'Other'", Bad Subjects (2003) http://eserver.org/bs/63/norton.html

Review and Shorter Articles

  • "Response to a review of Doing History by Beverley Southgate" with Mark Donnelly in Reviews in History January 2012 http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1134
  • "East-West Dichotomy? Historiography as a 'Clash of Civilisations'" review article Holy Land Studies 10/1 (2011), 121-129
  • "Crusade/Jihad as Propaganda" review article Holy Land Studies 9/1 (2010), 107-115.
  • "Terror and Toleration, East and West, Despotic and Free: dichotomous narratives and representations of Islam" review article Holy Land Studies 7/2 (2008), 221-228.
  • "Chronicling the Crusades," review article Holy Land Studies, 6/2 (2007), 201-208.
  • "Was the Turk really so 'terrible'?" Pastoral Review vol 2/4 (2006).

Reviews

  • Stephen Ortega, Negotiating Transcultural Relations in the Early Modern Mediterranean: Ottoman-Venetian Encounters, 2014 for Renaissance Quarterly  (forthcoming 2015)
  • H. Erdem Çipa and Emine Fetvac? (eds),Writing History at the Ottoman Court: Editing the Past, Fashioning the Future, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013. Xii, 181 p. 9 b/w illus. ISBN: 978-0-253-00864-0 $25. And Emine Fetvac?, Picturing History at the Ottoman Court, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013. Xiii, 316 p. 102 colour illus. ISBN: 978-0-253-00678-3 $45 for SHARP News 24/1 (2015) 13-4.
  • Andrei Pippidi, Visions of the Ottoman World in Renaissance Europe, London: Hurst and Company, 2012, 283 pp., ISBN: 978-1-84904-199-7 for Islam and Christian Muslim Relations 24/4 (2013)
  • Herman Paul, Hayden White, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011) International Network for Theory of History
    http://www.inth.ugent.be/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Review-of-Herman-Paulv.3-1.pdf
  • Galina I. Yermolenko (ed.) Roxolana in European Literature, History and Culture. Farnham: Ashgate, 2010 for Women's History Review 22/1 (2011), 170-172
  • Gerald MacLean Looking East: English Writing and the Ottoman Empire before 1800. Hampshire; Palgrave Macmillan, 2007 for Holy Land Studies  8.2 (2009) 242-4.
  • Thomas F. Madden (ed.) The Fourth Crusade; Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions: papers from the sixth conference of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East, Istanbul, Turkey, 25-29 August 2004. Hampshire: Ashgate, 2008 for Holy Land Studies 8/1 (2009).
  • Paula Sutter Fichtner, Terror and Toleration: the Habsburg Empire Confronts Islam (London: Reaktion Books, 2008) for Times Higher Education 29 May 2008.
  • D.S. Richards, The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for The Crusading Period from al-Kamil fi'l-Tar'rikh. Part 1 "The Years 541-589/1146-1193: The Age of Nur al-Din and Saladin". Hampshire: Ashgate, 2006 for Holy Land Studies 7/1 (2008).
  • M. Stein Guarding the Frontier: Ottoman Border Forts and Garrisons in Europe (London: Tauris Academic Studies, 2007) Holy Land Studies 6/2 (2007).
  • G. MacLean (ed) Re-Orienting the Renaissance;N. Matar Britain and Barbary, 1589-1689; and Markley The Far East and the English Imagination 1600-1730 for Renaissance Studies: Journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies 3/21 (2007).
  • G. MacLean The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman Empire, 1580-1720 (Hampshire: Palgrave, 2004) in Renaissance Studies: Journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies 19 (2005).
  • S. Faroqhi, The Ottoman Empire and the World Around it (London: I.B. Tauris, 2004) and C. Clay, Gold for the Sultan: Western Bankers and Ottoman Finance 1856-1881 (London: I.B. Tauris, 2000) in Holy Land Studies 4/1 (2005).

Presentations, Papers and Conferences Organised

Media Presentations

I was one of three academic historians discussing the second Ottoman siege of Vienna (1683) on Radio 4 In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg 14th May 2009.

International Conferences and Symposia Organised

  • Aesthetics, postmodernism and the 'Before Now' St Mary's University, 1st July 2014
  • The Lure of the 'Other': Religious Conversion and Reversion in the Early Modern Mediterranean and Beyond St Mary's University College, Twickenham, 4th-5th June 2013
  • The Renaissance and the Ottoman World in conjunction with the Warburg Institute (Prof. Charles Burnett), the School of Oriental and African Studies (Prof. Anna Contadini), and St. Mary's College 26-27th April 2006
  • Nationalism, Historiography and the (Re)construction of the Past University of Birmingham 10-11th September 2004.

I also convene a Philosophy of History seminar series The Futures of History for the Centre for the Philosophy of History at St Mary's University.

Conference, workshop and seminar papers

  • "They died on this day: 15 Khordad, Ashura, 17.09.82 (Sabra-Shatila)" at the Ethos of History: Time, Memory and Representation Conference at Sigtunastiftelsen University, Sweden 10-12 Sept. 2015.
  • "Renaissance Ottomans: A Shared Graeco-Roman Artistic Heritage," Lunchtime Lecture programme, National Gallery, London, 27th July 2015.
  • "Intercommunal life in the Ottoman Empire: religious tolerance as a pragmatic strategy" series of two lectures at Cambridge Muslim College, June 2015
  • "Thinking the Past Politically: Palestine, Power and Pedagogy" Seminar paper at the University of Ghent TAPAS seminar series 18th May 2015
  • "(In)tolerant Ottomans" Centre for Islamic Theology, University of Tuebingen, 2nd Feb 2015
  • "Conference as Assessment" with Mark Donnelly HEA Workshop Assessment: Group Effort or Individual Achievement, Or: I can't Believe it is Not Group Work, St Mary's University 4th Feb 2014
  • "Ottoman diplomatic rituals as a source of inter-state negotiation" 'Translating cultures: diplomacy across cultural and religious boundaries in the early modern world' workshop, University of Durham 26-7th September 2013
  • "Making history 'morally defensible': truth, power and the sieges of Nagykanizsa castle," with Mark Donnelly The INTH The Future of History and Philosophy of History conference, Ghent, Belgium 10th-13th July 2013
  • "The end of non-fictional history as an epistemological choice," Fiction and its Use workshop, at The Centre for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) Bielefeld University 4th-6th July 2013
  • "'Every historian who is not too stupid or too full of herself knows that what she does is morally indefensible': making history 'morally defensible'" with Mark Donnelly, Senate house, London, IHR Philosophy of History seminar series 11th October 2012
  • "Sacred Sites, Severed heads and Prophetic Visions" EASA biennial conference, Paris July 10th-13th 2012
  • "Blurred Boundaries: the Mediterranean World as a site of interaction and integration" EME seminar, UCL 30th November 2011
  • Imagining Difference as a Tool of Diplomacy in Ottoman Fethnames (Victory Letters) at The International Medieval Congress 11-14th June 2011 University of Leeds
  • "Ceremony at the Sublime Porte: Ottoman strategies for asserting power and political bargaining" Birkbeck College, Ritual and Ceremony Colloquium 24th September 2010.
  • "Lust, Greed, Torture and Identity: Narrations of Conversion and the Creation of the Early Modern 'Renegade in a Maghrebi Ottoman Context'" Skilliter centre, Newnham College, Cambridge 17th June 2009.
  • "Blurring Boundaries, Dissolving Difference: Interaction and Acculturation in the Mediterranean World" Sixteenth Century Society Conference 28th-31st May 2009.
  • "Lust, Greed, Torture and Identity: Narrations of Conversion and the Creation of the Early Modern 'Renegade'" 4th March 2009 Research Seminar paper given at St Mary's University College.
  • "Lust, Greed, Torture and Identity: Narrations of Conversion and the Creation of the Early Modern 'Renegade in the Context of the Maghreb'" Society for Algerian Studies 24th February 2009
  • "Uniting Against the 'Lords of Lewdness': forging alliances and constructing shared identities in the Nagykanizsa fethnames [victory missives] sent to Queen Elizabeth I. Society for Court Studies, 9 June 2008.
  • "Imagining the 'other' in Ottoman Fethnames [victory missives]," Seminar in the History of the Near and Middle East at the School of Oriental and African Studies, 28 April 2008.
  • "Re-interpreting Obedience: textual fluidity and political theory in a corpus of Ottoman texts," Early Modern Reading: Books, Communities, Conversations, Newcastle University 10-12 April 2008.
  • "Assessing to promote student learning: remodelling an assessment strategy for undergraduate historians" with Mark Donnelly, The 10th Annual Conference on Teaching and Learning in History, Oxford 2-4 April 2008.
  • "Re-interpreting the presence of mnemo-technical practices in Ottoman manuscripts in the early modern period," Culture of Memory in Central and Eastern Europe in the late Middle Ages conference, Poznan - Ciazen, 12-4 March 2008.
  • "Forced Conversion and the Deviant Renegade: the Function of Key Tropes in Narrating Conversion to Islam in Early Modern England," Identity, Culture, Religion conference at St Mary's University College 24 Nov. 2007.
  • "Lust, Greed, Torture and Identity: Narrations of Conversion and the Creation of the Early Modern 'Renegade'" MESA, Montreal, 18 Nov. 2007
  • "Ottoman Perceptions of the Other's Religion and its Role in Identity Creation" The Ottoman Orient and East Central Europe. Perception and Interaction in the border zones from the 16th to the 18th century seminar at Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 18 to 20 October 2007
  • "Contested Identities in Narratives of the Ottoman-Hungarian Marches," InASEA conference, Timi?oara, Romania, 24-27 May 2007
  • "Erasing Oral Residue and Correcting Scribal Error" seminar paper given at the Institute of Medieval Studies, University of Nottingham 14 December 2006.
  • "Fact or Fiction? The Epistemological Contest for History" paper given at the International Association for Philosophy and Literature, 2006: Between Three: Arts-Media-Politics, Freiburg, June 2006..
  • "Soldiers and Marines versus the Fedayeen and Militias: Interpretative Naming and the Construction of the 'other' in the 2003 Invasion of Iraq" Research Seminar paper given at St Mary's College, October 2005.
  • "The Diplomatic Sub-Text of the Two Ottoman Nagykanizsa Fethnames [Victory Missives] Sent to Queen Elizabeth I in 1601" paper given at Ottoman and Atlantic Empires in the Early Modern World Istanbul, October 2005.
  • "Smack-Head Hasan: Why are all Turkic Superheroes Intemperate, Treacherous, or Stupid?" paper given at Cinema Studies Program, School of Art History, Cinema, Classics & Archaeology - Melbourne UniversityHoly Men in Tights -  A Superheroes Conference, June 2005.
  • "Narrating the "Yoke of Oppression": The Impact of Nation-State Dominated Cartographies on Twentieth-Century Hungarian Scholarship of the Ottoman-Hungarian Borderlands" paper given at University of Birmingham, Nationalism, Historiography and the (Re)construction of the Past September 2004.
  • "The Lutheran is the Turks' Luck: Imagining Religious Identity, Alliance and Conflict on the Habsburg-Ottoman Marches in an Account of the Sieges of Nagykanizsa 1600-1" paper given at Institute for Austrian Historical Research and Vienna University The Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy in the Modern Period September 2004
  • "The Commemoration of Organised Violence and the Construction of National Identity: Remembering the Sieges of Nagykanizsa" paper given at University of Manchester European Review of History Conference 2004: War, Culture and Humanity from Ancient to Modern Times, April 2004.
  • "Obedience to Justice or to those in Authority: The Re-Reading and Re-Writing of an Ottoman Gazavatname" paper given at University of Leeds, International Medieval Conference, July 2003.
  • '"Articulating the Self through Confrontations with the "Other": the Imagining of Communities on the Habsburg-Ottoman-Hungarian Marches in an Account of the Sieges of Kanije 1600-01" paper given at Central European University Budapest, Hungary Mediterranean Studies Association's Congress Central Europe and the Mediterranean May 2003.
  • "Border Hi/stories: Ottoman Accounts of the Siege of Kanije in 1601 and their Shifting Status as Fiction or Non-Fiction, Story or History" paper given at University of Turku, Finland, Literature and its Others May 2003.
  • "Remembering the Past to Construct the Present: the Role of the Commemoration of the Sieges of Kanije (1600-01) in the Construction of Ottoman Proto-Nationalist, Liberal Islamic and Turkish Nationalist Secularist Ideologies" paper given at University of Melbourne, Australia, ANZAMEMS (Australia and New Zealand Medieval and Early Modern Society) Conference Memory and Commemoration February 2003.
  • "Erasure of Oral Residue and Correction of Scribal Error: Alternative Frameworks for Explaining and Analysing Manuscript Variation" paper given at University of Birmingham, Graduate Medievalists' Seminar January 2003.
  • 'Readers Writing: Audience Creation of Manuscripts, Works and Meanings." University of York Centre for Medieval Studies Writing for Whom? 9 May 2002.
  • "Remembering, Forgetting and Constructing the Sieges of Kanije 1600 and 1601" paper given at Madison, WI. USA. Society for Military Historians War and Remembrance: Constructing the Military Past April 2002