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Dr Stephen Patterson

Senior Lecturer - Sport Science

About Research

Stephen joined St Marys in 2009 and is a Senior Lecturer in Exercise Physiology. He graduated with a BSc in Sport and Exercise Science from Napier University, Edinburgh (2005) before completing an MSc in Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise from Strathclyde University in Glasgow (2006). He then moved to Loughborough University where he completed his PhD specialising on the responses and adaptations to exercise with blood flow restriction.

Twitter: @Stephen_patt


Stephens’s research fits into two main themes of Health and Sports Performance with significant overlap between the two. His main research focuses on the following:

  • Blood flow restriction training for rehabilitation and performance
  • Ischemic Preconditioning
  • Physiology of team sports

Stephen is an active member of the St Marys Exercise Physiology Research Group - @StMarysExPhys 

Research Publications

  • Hughes L, Paton B, Haddad F, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C, Patterson SD (2018). Comparison of the acute perceptual and blood pressure response to heavy load and light load blood flow restriction resistance exercise in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction patients and non-injured populations. Physical Therapy in Sport, 33, 54-61, DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.07.002:
  • Jeffries O, Waldron M, Patterson SD (2018). Enhanced local skeletal muscle oxidative capacity following seven-day ischemic preconditioning in healthy humans. Frontiers in Physiology. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00463
  • Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C. & Patterson SD (2018). Interface pressure, perceptual and cardiovascular responses to different blood flow restriction systems. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28, 7, DOI: 10.1111/sms.13092
  • Hughes L, Jeffries O, Waldron M, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C, &Patterson SD (2018). The influence of body position on the measurement of limb occlusion pressure: Implications for Blood flow restriction and Ischemic preconditioning research. Peer J, 6:e4697, DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4697
  • Waldron M, Patterson SD, Tallent J, Jeffries O. (2018). The Effects of Oral Taurine on Resting Blood Pressure in Humans: a Meta-Analysis. 20, 81: DOI: 10.1007/s11906-018-0881-z
  • Griffin, J, Hughes L, Gissane C, and Patterson, SD. (2018). Effects of local versus remote ischemic preconditioning on repeated sprint running performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, DOI: 10.23736/s0022-4707.18.08400-1
  • Waldron M, Cameron R, Jeffries O, Tallent J, Theis N, Patterson SD (2018). The effects of acute leucine or leucine-glutamine co-ingestion on recovery from eccentrically-biased exercise. Amino Acids, 50, 831, DOI: 10.1007/s00726-018-2565-z
  • Wakdron M, Knight F, Tallent J, Patterson SD, Jeffries O. (2018). The effects of taurine on repeat sprint cycling after low or high cadence exhaustive exercise in females. Amino Acids, 50, 6, 663-669, DOI: 10.1007/s00726-018-2554-2
  • Waldron M, Patterson SD, Tallent J, Jeffries O. (2018). The effects of oral taurine dose and supplementation period on endurance exercise performance in humans: a meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 48, 5, 1247-1253, DOI: 10.1007/s40279-018-0896-2
  • Nevin JP, Waldron M, Patterson SD, Price M, Hunt A, Blagrove R. (2018). The Efficacy of an 8-Week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Program on Hand Cycling Performance. Journal of Strength and conditioning Research, 32, 7, 1861-1868, DOI: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000002569
  • Uddin N, Jeffries O, Read R, Howe L, Patterson SD, Waldron M (2018). Physiological Responses to Linear and Non-Linear Soccer-Specific Match Simulations and their Effects on Neuromuscular Fatigue. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 
  • Hattersley C, Wells C, Blagrove R, Trangmar S, Patterson SD (2018). Impact of Fixture Congestion on indices of performance and recovery in youth soccer players. Sport Performance & Science Reports, 1. 
  • Waldron M, Patterson SD, Jeffries O (2018). Inter-Day reliability of Finapres cardiovascular measurements during rest an exercise. Sports International Open, 2 (01), E9-E15. 
  • Mackay J, Patterson SD, Jeffries O, Waldron M (2018). Limited effects of short-term heat acclimation during a rugby league training week. Archives pf physical Health & Sports Medicine, 1, 22-33. 
  • Marocolo IC, da Mota GR, Londe AM, Patterson SD, Barbosa Neto O, Marocolo M. (2017) Acute ischemic preconditioning does not influence high-intensity intermittent exercise performance. PeerJ 5:e4118. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4118
  • Ladlow P, Coppack R, Dharm-Datta S, Conway D, Sellon E, Patterson SD, Bennett A (2017). The effects of low-intensity blood flow restricted exercise compared with conventional resistance training on the clinical outcomes of active UK military personnel following a 3-week in-patient rehabilitation programme: protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility study. Pilot & Feasibility Studies, 3, 71, DOI: 10.1186/s40814-017-0216-x
  • Jeffries O, Hill J, Patterson SD, Waldron (2017). Energy drink doses of caffeine and taurine have a null or negative effect on sprint performance. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, Oct 23. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002299
  • Patterson SD, Hughes L, Head P, Warmington S, Brandner C (2017). Blood flow restriction training: A novel alternative approach to augment clinical rehabilitation: How to do it?. British Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097738
  • Hughes, L, Paton, B, Rosenblatt, B & Patterson SD (2017). Blood flow restriction training in rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery: A Review. Techniques in Orthopedics. DOI: 10.1097/BTO.0000000000000265
  • Griffin, J, Ferguson, R.A. and Patterson, SD (2017).The effect of ischemic preconditioning on 3 minute all out cycling performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, Jul 7:1-6. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1349923
  • Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C. & Patterson SD. (2017). Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine,
  • Patterson SD, Jeffries O. & Waldron M. (2017). Commentary on viewpoint: Could small diameter muscle afferents be responsible for the ergogenic effect of limb ischemic preconditioning? Journal of Applied Physiology, 122: 721–725
  • Warnock R, Jeffries O, Patterson SD, & Waldron M. (2017).  The effects of caffeine, taurine or caffeine-taurine co-ingestion on repeat-sprint cycling performance and physiological responses. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance,
  • Fox R, Patterson SD. & Waldron M. (2017). The relationship between heart rate recovery and temporary fatigue of kinematic and energetic indices among soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football,
  • Veness D, Patterson SD, Jeffries O, & Waldron M. (2017).  The effects of mental fatigue on cricket-relevant performance among elite players.  Journal of Sports Sciences,
  • Waldron M, Whelan K, Jeffries O, Burt D, Howe L, Patterson SD (2017). The effects of acute branched-chain amino acid supplementation on recovery from a single bout of hypertrophy exercise in resistance-trained males. Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism, doi: 10.1139/apnm-2016-0569
  • Patterson SD, & Brandner C (2017). The role of blood flow restriction training for applied practitioners: A questionnaire based survey. Journal of Sports Sciences, Feb 1:1-8. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1284341
  • Page, W, Swan, R. and Patterson SD (2017). Repetitive vascular occlusion enhances recovery following exercise induced muscle damage. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.11.015
  • Patterson SD, Pattison J, Legg H, Gibson AM, Brown N (2016). The impact of badminton on health markers in untrained females. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(11), 1098-1106, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1210819
  • Patterson SD, Glaister M, Pattison JR, Bezodis N (2015). The effect of ischemic preconditioning on repeated sprint cycling performance. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 47(8), 1652-1658, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000576
  • Glaister M, Muniz-Pumares Pattison JR, Foley P, Patterson SD (2015). Combined effect of nitrate and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (1), 165-174
  • Glaister M, Muniz-Pumares D, Patterson SD, Mcinnes G (2015). Caffeine supplementation and peak anaerobic power output. European Journal of Sports Sciences, 15(5):400-6. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2014.962619
  • Patterson SD, Leggate M, Nimmo MA and Ferguson RA (2013). Circulating hormone and cytokine changes following resistance training with blood flow restriction in older men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(3), 713-719, DOI: 10.1007/s00421-012-2479-5
  • Glaister M, Patterson SD, Foley P, Pedlar C, Pattison JR and McInnes G (2012) Caffeine and sprinting performance: dose responses and efficacy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(4), 1001-1005. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822BA300
  • Patterson, SD, and Ferguson RA (2011).  Resistance training with blood flow restriction enhances the increase in strength and calf blood flow in older people. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 19, 201-213
  • Patterson, SD, and Ferguson RA (2010).  Increase in calf post-occlusive blood flow and strength following short term resistance exercise training with blood flow restriction in young women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108, 1025-1033. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1309-x
  • Patterson, SD, Gray, SR., and Nimmo, M.A. (2008). The response of plasma interleukin-6 and its soluble receptors to exercise in the cold in humans. Journal of Sports Science 26, 927-933. DOI: 10.1080/02640410801885941
  • Patterson, SD., and Gray, SR. (2007). Carbohydrate-gel supplementation and endurance performance during intermittent high-intensity shuttle running. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 17, 445-455

Current PhD Students

Luke Hughes (PhD student: St Marys University) – “Blood flow restriction as a clinical rehabilitation tool.”

Paul Head (PhD student: St Mary's University) - "The efficacy of blood flow restriction training in clinical populations." 

Luke Woodhouse (St Mary’s University) – “The physical and fitness characteristics of elite female rugby players and the relationships to match performance”

Completed PhD Students

  • Jonathan Griffin – “The effect Ischemic Preconditioning on parameters of athletic performance” – January 2017

Research Grants

  • Badminton World Federation (BWF) – The health impact of badminton in sedentary females - $6000

Awards and Prizes

  • Young Investigators Award- Poster Presentation. Thirteenth Annual Congress of The European College of Sport Science, Estoril 2008. (300 Eur)

External Activities

  • Ad hoc reviewer for Sports Medicine, IJJSP, Journal of Sports Sciences, Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, European Journal of Applied Physiology


  • <![if !supportLists]> <![endif]>Editorial Board - Journal of Fitness Research  (2013 – present)