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Dr Mark Waldron

Programme Director - Sport Health and Applied Science MRes
Senior Lecturer - Physiology and Strength and Conditioning

About Research Media


Mark joined St Mary’s in 2015 as a Senior Lecturer in Physiology and Strength and Conditioning and is also an adjunct Lecturer in Sports and Exercise Science at the University of New England, Australia.

He has previously worked as an Applied Physiologist at the Defence and Science Technology Laboratory (DSTL), where he was responsible for conducting research trials and providing evidence-based scientific advice to the Ministry of Defence relating to the health and physical performance of military personnel. 

Mark has also previously worked as a Sports Scientist in professional Rugby League and is a consultant for various elite sports clubs and institutions around the world. Mark frequently publishes journal articles and book chapters in the area of human performance and is a reviewer for a variety of high-impact journals and an Editor for the International Rugby Science Network. 

His specialist areas are: human-tracking technology, acute fatigue and pacing, athlete monitoring, ergogenic aids and thermoregulation during different exercise types. Mark also has an interest in research methods, relating to the measurement and evaluation of both field and laboratory-based assessments of human performance.


Book Chapters

  • Patterson, S. D., Jeffries, O. & Waldron, M. (2018). Protein and Amino Acids in Physical Exercise, In Walrand, S. (Edt.) Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle. Amsterdam, ND: Elsevier Science and Technology.

  • Twist, C., Waldron, M., Worsfold, P. & Gabbett, T. (2013). Monitoring team sport athletes using Global Positioning System Technology. In Hsueh, Y. (Eds.) Global Positioning Systems: Signal Structure, Applications and Sources of Error and Biases. New York: Nova Publishing Inc. 

  • Waldron, M. & Worsfold, P. (2014). Monitoring the match and training demands of rugby. In Worsfold, P., & Twist, C. (Eds.) (2014). Science of rugby. London: Routledge.  


  • Page, L., Jeffries, M. & Waldron, M. (2019). Acute taurine supplementation enhances thermoregulation and endurance cycling performance in the heat. European Journal of Sport Science. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2019.1578417.
  • Jeffries, O., Patterson, S.D, & Waldron, M. (2019). The effect of moderate and severe hypoxia on exercise at a fixed level of perceived exertion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, in press
  • Jeffries, O., Waldron, M., Patterson, S.D., Galna, B. (2019). An analysis of variability in power output during indoor and outdoor cycling time-trials. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, in press 
  • Howe, L., Bampouras, T., North, J. & Waldron, M. (2019). Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion is associated with kinematic but not kinetic variables related to bilateral drop-landing performance at various drop heights. Human Movement Sciences, in press 
  • Jeffries, O. & Waldron, M. (2018). The effects of menthol on exercise performance and thermal sensation: a meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
  • Madison, G. Patterson, S., Read, P., Howe, L., Waldron, M. (2018). The effects of small-sided game variation on changes in hamstring strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002955
  • Jeffries, O., Goldsmith, M., Waldron, M. (2018). L-Menthol mouth rinse or ice slurry ingestion during the latter stages of exercise in the heat provide a novel stimulus to enhance performance despite elevation in mean body temperature. European Journal of Applied Physiology. doi: 10.1007/s00421-018-3970-4.
  • Cooke, K., Outram, T., Brandon, R., Waldron, M., Vickery, W., Keenan, J., Tallent, J. (2018). The Difference in Neuromuscular Fatigue and Workload During Competition and Training in Elite Cricketers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11, 1-20.
  • Howe, L., North, J., Waldron, M. & Bampouras, T. (2018). Reliability of independent kinetic variables and measures of inter-limb asymmetry associated with bilateral drop-landing performance. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 7, 32-47.
  • Waldron, M., Patterson, S. D., Tallent, J. & Jeffries, O. (2018). The effects of oral taurine on resting blood pressure in humans: a meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports, 20, 81-86.
  • Mackay, J., Patterson, S. D. Jeffries, O. & Waldron, M. (2018). Limited effects of short-term heat acclimation during a rugby league training week. Archives of Physical Health and Sports Medicine, 1, 22-33.
  • Uddin, N., Jeffries, O., Read, P., Howe, L., Patterson, S. D. & Waldron, M. (2018). Physiological Responses to Linear and Non-Linear Soccer-Specific Match Simulations and their Effects on Lower-limb Muscle Fatigue. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002346
  • Jeffries, O., Waldron, M., Pattison, J., Patterson, S.D. (2018). Enhanced local skeletal muscle oxidative capacity following seven-day ischemic preconditioning in healthy humans. Frontiers in Physiology. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00463
  • Hughes, L., Jeffries, O., Waldron, M., Rosenblatt, B., Gissane, C., Paton, B., Patterson, S. D. (2018). Influence and reliability of lower-limb arterial occlusion pressure at different body positions. PeerJ 6:e4697
  • Waldron, M., Tallent, J., Patterson, S.D. & Jeffries, O. (2018). The Effects of an Oral Taurine Dose and Supplementation Period on Endurance Exercise Performance in Humans: A Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine. DOI : 10.1007/s40279-018-0896-2
  • Gray, A.J, Shorter, K., Cummins, C., Murphy, A., Waldron, M. (2018). Modelling movement energetics using Global Positioning System (GPS) devices in contact team sports: limitations and solutions. Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-018-0899-z
  • Waldron, M., Waldron, L., Lawlor, C., Gray, A. & Highton, J. (2018). Beetroot supplementation improves the physiological responses to incline walking. European Journal of Applied Physiology. DOI : 10.1007/s00421-018-3843-x
  • Waldron, M., Knight, F., Tallent, J., Patterson, S.D., Jeffries, O. (2018). The effects of taurine on repeat sprint cycling after low or high cadence exhaustive exercise in females. Amino Acids. DOI: 10.1007/s00726-018-2554-2
  • Waldron, M., Ralph, C., Jeffries, O., Tallent, J., Theis, N., Patterson, S.D. (2018). The effects of acute leucine or leucine-glutamine co-ingestion on recovery from eccentrically-biased exercise. Amino Acids. DOI: 10.1007/s00726-018-2565-z
  • Nevin, J., Waldron, M., Patterson, S.D., Smith, P. Price, M. & Hunt, A. (2018). The efficacy of an 8-week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Programme on Hand cycling performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002569
  • Flood, T. R., Waldron, M., Jeffries O. (2017). Oral L-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117(7), 1501-1512.
  • Waldron, M., Patterson, S. & Jeffries, O. (2017). Inter-day reliability of Finapres® cardiovascular measurements during rest and exercise. Sports Medicine International Open, in press. 
  • Jeffries, O., Patterson, S., Hill, J. & Waldron, M. (2017).  Energy drink doses of caffeine and taurine have a null or negative effect on sprint performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002299.
  •  Howe, L., Read, P., & Waldron, M. (2017). Muscle hypertrophy: a narrative review on training principles for increasing muscle mass. Strength and Conditioning Journal, DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000330.
  • Tallent, J., Higgins, M., Parker, M., Waldron, M., Bradford, E.,  Keenan, J. et al. (2017). Quantification of Bowling workload and Changes in Cognitive Function in Elite Fast Bowlers in Training compared with Twenty20 Cricket. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, in press.
  • Howe, L., Read, P., & Waldron, M. (2017). A systems-based approach to injury prevention for the Strength and Conditioning Coach, Strength and Conditioning Journal, doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000346.
  • Howe, L., Waldron, M., North, J. (2017). A practical approach to problem-solving movement tasks limited by an ankle dorsiflexion restriction. Strength and Conditioning Journal, doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000336.
  • Patterson, S. D., Jeffries, O. & Waldron, M. (2017). Commentary on viewpoint: Could small diameter muscle afferents be responsible for the ergogenic effect of limb ischemic preconditioning? Journal of Applied Physiology, 122: 721–725.
  • Warnock, R., Jeffries, O., Patterson, S. D., & Waldron, M. (2017).  The effects of caffeine, taurine or caffeine-taurine co-ingestion on repeat-sprint cycling performance and physiological responses. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, in press.
  • Waldron, M., Whelan, K., Jeffries, O., Burt, D., Howe, L. & Patterson, S. D. (2017). The effects of acute branched-chain amino acid supplementation on recovery from a single bout of hypertrophy exercise in resistance-trained athletes.  Journal: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, in press.
  • Fox, R., Patterson, S. D. & Waldron, M. (2017). The relationship between heart rate recovery and temporary fatigue of kinematic and energetic indices among soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football, in press. 
  • Waldron, M., Highton, J., Thomson, E., Twist, C. (2017). Transient fatigue is not influenced by ball-in-play time during elite rugby league matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, in press.
  • Veness, D., Patterson, S. D., Jeffries, O., & Waldron, M. (2017).  The effects of mental fatigue on cricket-relevant performance among elite players.  Journal of Sports Sciences, in press.
  • Waldron, M. Highton, J. & Gray, A. (2016). Effects of familiarization on reliability of muscle activation and gross efficiency in adolescents and Adults. Cogent Medicine, 3, 1237606
  • Furlan, N., Waldron, M., Osborne, M. & Gray AJ. (2016). Ecological Validity and Reliability of the Rugby Sevens Simulation Protocol. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(6),749-755.
  • Furlan, N., Waldron, M., Shorter, K., Gabbett, T. J. et al. (2015). Running Intensity Fluctuations in Elite Rugby Sevens Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 10, 6, 802-807.
  • Deiberg, G. Waldron, M., Ismail, H., Giallauria, F., Cornelissen, V. & Smart, N. (2015). The validation of a new tool for the assessment of study quality and reporting in exercise training studies: (TESTEX). International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 13, 1, 9-18.
  • Durrani, N., Waldron, M., Harewood, L., Frydenberg, M., Pedersen, J. & Mills, J. (2015). Assessing Expression of MUC1 and ZAG Protein Biomarkers in Prostate Biopsies Improves Prediction of Adverse Pathology Following Radical Prostatectomy. The Open Prostate Cancer Journal, 8, 1-9.
  • Waldron, M., Villerius, V. & Murphy, A. (2014). Augmenting distance feedback does not affect 4 km cycling time trials in the heat. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33, 8, 786-794.
  • Waldron, M. & Highton, J. (2014). Fatigue and pacing in high-intensity intermittent team sports: an update. Sports Medicine 44, 12, 1645-58. 
  • Waldron, M. (2014). The reliability and adaptive responses of gross efficiency in hot ambient conditions. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 35, 10, 817-821.
  • Waldron, M., Gray, A. & Murphy, A. (2014). Variability in selected components of youth soccer match performance relates to physical maturity but not chronological age. Gazzetta Medica Italiano. 174, 4, 173-180.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2014). A three-season comparison of match performances among selected and unselected elite youth rugby league players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 32, 12, 1110-9.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2014). Changes in anthropometry and performance, and their inter-relationships, across three seasons in elite youth rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28, 11, 3128-36. 
  • Twist, C., Highton, J., Waldron, M., Edwards, E., Austin, D. & Gabbett, T. (2014). Movement demands of elite rugby league players during Australian National Rugby League and European Super League matches. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9, 6, 925-930.
  • Waldron, M., Gray, A., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. (2013). The reliability of Functional Movement Screening (FMS) and in-season changes in physical function and performance among elite rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000270.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2013). The relationship between physical abilities, ball-carrying and tackling among elite youth rugby league players. Journal of Sport Science, 32, 6, 542-9. 
  • Waldron, M. & Murphy, A. (2013). A comparison of physical abilities and match performance characteristics among youth soccer players. Pediatric Exercise Science, 5, 423 - 434. 
  • Waldron, M., Highton, J. & Twist, C. (2013). The reliability of a rugby league movement simulation protocol (RLMSP-i) relative to interchanged players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8, 5483-9. 
  • Waldron, M., Highton, J., Daniels, M., & Twist, C. (2013). Preliminary evidence of transient fatigue and pacing during interchanges in rugby league. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8, 2, 157-64.  
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2012). The reliability of tests for sport-specific motor skill amongst elite youth rugby league players. European Journal of Sport Sciences14 Suppl 1:S471-7.
  • Twist, C., Waldron, M., Highton, J. & Burt, D. (2012). Neuromuscular, biochemical and perceptual post-match fatigue in professional rugby league forwards and backs. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 359-367.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2011). Predicting 30 m timing gate speed from a 5 Hz Global Positioning System (GPS) device. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport11, 575-582.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C. & Lamb, K. (2011). Concurrent validity and test re-test reliability of a Global Positioning System (GPS) and timing gates to assess sprint performance variables. Journal of Sports Sciences29, 1613-1619.
  • Waldron, M., Twist, C., Highton, J., Worsfold, P. & Daniels, M. (2011). Movement and physiological match demands of elite rugby league using portable Global Positioning Systems. Journal of Sports Sciences29, 1223-1230.
  • Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., White, C. & Murray, S. (2011). Swarming behaviour in elite race bunch cycling: a case study. International Journal of Performance Analysis, 11, 14-25.
  • Waldron, M. & Worsfold, P. (2010). Differences in the game-specific skills of elite and sub-elite youth football players: Implications for talent identification. International Journal of Performance Analysis, 10, 9-24. 

Postgraduate supervision

  • Nicola Furlan (PhD student; University of New England) - “Applied Physiology of Rugby Sevens”.
  • Paul Head (PhD student: St Mary's University) - "The efficacy of blood flow restriction training in clinical populations."
  • Louis Howe (PhD student: University of Cumbria) - "Variability of compensatory movement strategies with ankle dorsiflexion range of motion limitations"
  • Ed Ryan-More (St Mary’s University) – “Genetic Risk Factors Associated with Apophysitis Injury in Elite Youth Footballers” 
  • Luke Woodhouse (St Mary’s University) – “The physical and fitness characteristics of elite female rugby players and the relationships to match performance”

Funding and grants

  • UNEP Award (2012): $10,000.00 - Monitoring the physical demands and efficacy of dietary interventions among workers from hazardous rural occupations. 
  • Kick-Start Grant- School of Science and Technology (2012): $5,000.00 - The effects of dietary nitrate on fatigue and metabolic responses to tasks that simulate hazardous occupational activities.

Mark is an active member of the St Mary's Exercise Physiology Research group.

In the news

St Mary’s Study Discovers Commercial Energy Drinks are Unlikely to Improve Exercise Performance

New research from the Sport & Exercise Physiology Research Group at St Marys University, Twickenham has found that supplementation with smaller doses of caffeine and taurine, which are the two main ingredients of commercial energy drinks, might not help athletes perform better on high intensity exercise tasks. Find out more...

St Mary's Research finds that Protein Helps Quicker Recovery from Exercise

Media enquiries

For media enquiries, please contact our Communications and Public Engagement Manager, Sam Yarnold, by emailling or calling 020 8240 8262.

Areas of expertise

Exercise physiology, Thermal physiology, Ergogenic aids and dietary supplements, Team sports physiology

Media experience

Recorded TV interview, quote for news/magazine article